SAGAR


Agrisciences Pvt Ltd
Sarpagandha
 
 
  • Common Name
  • : Sarpagandha
  • Botanical Name
  • : Rauvolfia serpentina
  • CIMAP varieties
  • : CIM Sheel
  • Soil and Climate
  • : The plant grows in a wide variety of soils. The ideal pH 4.6 – 6.5. It prefers hot humid climate, humus rich sandy loam soil. A climate with a temperature range of 10 – 30°C seems to be well suited for this plant.
  • Uses
  • : Sarpagandha is used for the treatment of paranoia, schizophrenia, and hypertension.
  • Propagation
  • : Rauvolfia can be propagated by seed and also by vegetative means like root cutting, root stumps, and stem cutting.
  • Planting
  • : Transplanting of the nursery grown seedlings of 40-50 days.
  • Manure and Fertilizer
  • : FYM @ 20-25 tons/ha should be applied during land preparation. After planting N:P:K @ 100:60:30 kg/ha are applied as basal dose, later two equal doses of N each of 10 kg /ha in moist soil may be applied at 50 days and 170 days after planting.
  • Irrigation
  • : Sarpagandha is cultivated as a rainfed crop. However, 4 irrigations if available in summer and 2 in winter at one month interval may be applied for higher yield.
  • Weeding
  • : Weeding, cleaning, hoeing twice during rains and after rains.
  • Harvesting & processing
  • : The marketable roots are generally collected 2-3 years after plantation preferably after 30 months of planting.
  • Yield
  • : The average yield of Rauvolfia dry root is approximately 1,500 kg/ha under average management when harvested at 30 months.
  • Economics
  •  
  • Expenditure
  • = Rs. 1,00,000/ha.
  • Total income
  • = Rs. 2,25,000/ha.
  • Net Return
  • = Rs. 1,25,000/ha.